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Sudden Need For Reading Glasses After Lasik, Bladeless Lasik, PRK, etc.

The effect of full distance correction in older patients may have surprising, and undesired, results.

Image of man looking over reading glasses.  
Even if you didn't need reading glasses before, you might need them after Lasik.  

There are two ways to look at myopia (nearsighted, shortsighted) vision. One is that you cannot see things far away very well. The other is that you can see things close very well.

Near & Distance Vision Accommodation

When a normal sighted person looks at something distant, the natural lens of the eye relaxes to its normal shape. When that same person looks at something close, the muscles around the lens stretch or squeeze the lens to change its focus. This change of the lens shape for close vision is called accommodation.

Someone who is myopic has a lens with a normal shape that focuses on things close. To see something close, accommodation is not necessary; the lens is already set to focus on things close. As we mature, the natural lens in our eye expands, firms, and loses its ability to accommodate. This normal condition is known as presbyopia and becomes problematic for most people between 40 and 60 years of age.

Presbyopia Masked by Myopia

Presbyopia may not be noticed in a myopic person because the need for accommodation is diminished by the myopia. Presbyopia can be masked by myopia. The lens may be unable to accommodate, but since the lens is already focused for close vision and the corrective lenses take care of the myopia, the lack of accommodation is not so well noticed.

When a person has refractive surgery to remove all of the myopia, suddenly the lens is expected to accommodate. Since accommodation has not been as much of an issue before refractive surgery, the muscles may be weak. The stiffness of the lens was not an issue before, but now this stiffness reduces the amount of accommodation possible to change from distant to close vision. This is what is often called "Sudden Presbyopia".

Dealing With Presbyopia

There are a number of ways to deal with the focusing changes and challenges caused by presbyopia. People with a small amount of residual nearsightedness can simply remove their glasses to read. Some may need to use reading glasses for close work such as reading, using a computer, or sewing. Bifocals and trifocals can also be used to provide both near and far vision correction without having to constantly put on and take off a pair of glasses or switch between two pairs of glasses. Monovision can help by providing one eye focused for near vision and one eye focused for distance vision. The brain will combine the two images to create one focused image of near and far.

Looking For Best Lasik Surgeon?

If you are ready to choose a doctor to be evaluated for conventional or custom wavefront Lasik, Bladeless Lasik, PRK, or any refractive surgery procedure, we recommend you consider a doctor who has been evaluated and certified by the USAEyes nonprofit organization. Locate a USAEyes Evaluated & Certified Lasik Doctor.

Personalized Answers

If this article did not fully answer your questions, use our free Ask Lasik Expert patient forum.

Recent Lasik and Presbyopia Medical Journal Articles...

Related Articles

[Management of presbyopic hyperopes by centered presbyLASIK.]

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2014 Sep 24;

Authors: Abrieu-Lacaille M, Saib N, Rambaud C, Berguiga M, Fenolland JR, Bonnel S, Crepy P, Froussart-Maille F, Rigal-Sastourne JC

PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and patient satisfaction of presbyopic hyperopes treated with centered PresbyLASIK (multifocality centered on near vision) by the SUPRACOR technique (Technolas Perfect Vision).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study carried out at Percy Army Teaching Hospital from September 2011 through September 2013. Fifty-nine eyes of 29 patients were included and underwent PresbyLASIK. Study parameters included uncorrected binocular distance (DVA) and near (NVA) visual acuity, aberrometry, central corneal curvature by corneal topography (bump), and patient satisfaction (questionnaire).
RESULTS: Mean uncorrected binocular visual acuity was found to be 0.09 logmar for DVA and 0.22 for NVA on post-operative day one, 0.04 logmar for DVA and 0.17 for NVA at 1 month post-operatively, 0.15 logmar for DVA and 0.19 for NVA at 3 months post-operatively, and -0.02 logmar for DVA and 0.18 for NVA at 6 months post-operatively. Mean central corneal curvature was found to be 2.56±0.9 diopters. There were significantly more higher-order aberrations in the central 5mm post-operatively (P<0.01). Among the patients undergoing bilateral SUPRACOR LASIK, 79% were entirely satisfied with the surgery, and all patients would recommend the procedure to their family and friends. Eighty-six percent of these patients acheived total spectacle independence at distance and near.
CONCLUSION: SUPRACOR PresbyLASIK is a method of choice in overcoming spectacle dependence in presbyopic hyperopes.

PMID: 25262053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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